Taking care of your eyes is an important part of maintaining good health. At Inland Eye Specialists we have the resources you need to give your eyes the best care possible. Early diagnosis and treatment of the eye is our goal to give you the best possible vision throughout your lifetime. Inland Eye Specialists LASIK is a full service ophthalmology practice. For over 34 years, Inland Eye Specialists has been a leader in the arenas of cataract and refractive surgery. Other specialty services we offer include comprehensive eye exams, surgical and medical treatment for glaucoma, retina, oculoplastic, and corneal conditions. At Inland Eye Specialists, we have six ophthalmologists who are available to meet your general and specialty eye care needs.
External Eye Disease
Because the outside of the eye is in direct contact with the environment, it is susceptible to infections and injuries. There are also a number of hereditary diseases that can impact the outer eye. Common signs of external eye disease are redness, irritation, watering, and blurry vision.
Conjunctivitis is a very common external eye disease and is often refered to as pink eye. Conjunctivitis is an inflammation of the clear lining of the surface of the eye that causes red eyes, discomfort, and tearing. Conjunctivitis can be caused by viruses, bacteria, and allergic reactions, among other things. The appropriate treatment depends on the cause, and should be evaluated by an ophthalmologist.
Blepharitis (eyelid inflammation) is also a common external disease. Blepharitis can cause irritation, watering, red eyes, itching, and predispose patients to develop styes and chalazia (styes that do not go away). Blepharitis can be caused by bacteria or other organisms, but is often due the way that the normal glands of the eyelid produce oil. Because of this, patients often need to have an individualized treatment plan to control their inflammation.
Episcleritis and Scleritis
Other common conditions include inflammation of the sclera (the tough white outer layer of the eye) and inflammation of the episclera (the lining between the sclera and the conjunctiva).
Episcleritis typically causes redness and irritation and can be treated with drops or a mild antiinflammatory pill such as ibuprofen. Scleritis is a more severe condition that causes redness, deep pain, blurred vision, or even permanent injury to the eye. Scleritis can be caused by an underlying medical condition such as rheumatoid arthritis or lupus. Due to this, a full medical evaluation with blood work is usually necessary for scleritis. Treatment for scleritis varies and may include drops and/or oral antiinflammatory medication such as prednisone. If it is caused by a medical condition, then that disease should be addressed as well.
A common external eye injury is a corneal abrasion, or damage to the thin outer layer of the cornea. It is usually caused by a scratch from a tool, twig, fingernail, contact lens, or any other object. A severely dry eye can also cause an abraision. Symptoms include pain, blurred vision, redness, light sensitivity, and watering. Most corneal abrasions heal quickly and are usually treated with antibiotic eye drops or ointment. All abrasions should be evaluated by an ophthalmologist to determine the cause and if anything more severe is taking place.
Comprehensive Eye Exams
A comprehensive eye examination is much more than what most people think. A myriad of problems can be detected during an eye exam, from the relatively 'simple' headache and eyestrain problems, all the way up to diabetic complications, auto-immune diseases (e.g. arthritis-type issues), vascular conditions and even brain tumors. It includes, first and foremost, a look at your medical and eye health histories, both the patients' own and any pertinent family histories. For example, family history can play a role in increasing one's chances of developing glaucoma, color vision problems or certain retinal diseases like macular degeneration.
Specifically a comprehensive eye exam includes assessing the following: 1) Visual acuity in each eye individually and binocularly, at both near and distance. 2) Checking eye muscle movement and alignment, a common culprit in diplopia or (double vision complaints). 3) Pupil condition is assessed as a way to look for neurological problems. 4) Eye pressures are measured to check for glaucoma. 5) Checking refractive state and focusing abilities at all relevant distances. Never underestimate the value correcting even small refractive errors can have on a patient's quality of life issues, e.g. headache relief, being much less tired at the end of a workday, or driving much more safely at night. 6) Examining the front surfaces of the eyes and related tissues for common dry eye, allergies and conjunctivitis conditions, including treatment and management. 7) Checking the inside of the eyes to look for cataracts, retinal problems that can be sight-threatening if not caught early.
Finally, it is the Optometrist's job to advise you about your best options to ensure healthy eyes and vision in the future, as well as lifestyle options available for your glasses or contacts. The Doctor can also assess if you need to be referred to another specialist for further care, or directed to a certified optician to better help you with eyeglass frame and lens choices.
The great advantage we have here at Inland Eye Specialists is our access to numerous specialists of cataracts, retina, eyelids, pediatrics and corneal care available for immediate consultations. Especially for emergencies this can be a sight-saving advantage by having the specialist on staff. Your comprehensive eye examination takes about 15-20 minutes, but plan on being here about an hour in case it's necessary to be dilated.